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Curiculum Sophomore



200 [Plant Morphology], 3 credits (Prerequisite: General Biology)

1. Introduction and blue - green algae
2. Green algae
3. Green algae, stone algae, golden algae
4. Dinotlagellates Euglena, brown algae
5. Red algae
6. Liverworts
7. Mosses
8. Ferns
9. Gymnosperms
10. Angiosperms

201 [Plant Morphology Laboratory], 1 credit (Prerequisite: General Biology)

1. Observation on algae.
2. Observation on liveworts.
3. Observation on mosses.
4. Observation on ferns.
5. Observation on seed-plants.

202 [Comparative Anatomy] 3 credits (Prerequisite: General Biology)

Emphasis is on the organ distribution and structure of the body of vertebrates, including the anatomy of human and animals knowledge; in many aspects of basic medicine are introduced.

203 [Comparative Anatomy Laboratory] Credit, (Prerequisite: General Biology)

1. To understand the organ systems of vertebrates, the students will first learn surgery techniques , of drug injections and in vivo experiments.
2. To prepare the specimen of organ systems, the students will learn how to perform perfusion-fixation techniques.
3. Pissect the animal bodies regionally and systematically.

204 [Microbiology], 3 credits (Prerequisite: General Biology)

205 [Microbiology Laboratory] 1 credit (Prerequisite: General Biology)

1. Basic concepts in the history of microbiology, structure, physiology, and genetics.
2. Introductory microbiology (microorganism taxonomy and groups)
3. Medical microbiology (pathogens, pathogenesis, symptoms and preventive methods)
4. Environmental and applied microbiology (microorganisms in the ecosystem, applications in pollution control and industries)
The experiment. course emphasizes training in experimental skill and attitude, with the goal that theory and reality may be coherent.

206 Biostatistics, 3 credits

1. Descriptive statistics
2. Probability
3. Discrete and Continuous Variables
4. Inference about the mean
5. Experimental design
6. Regressional analysis

207[Biostatistics Lab.], 1 credit

1. SAS language
2. Edit language
3. Variables and data
4. t-test
5. F-test
6. Analysis of Variance
7. Regressional analysis

208[Biochemistry I], 3 credits

1. Introduction
2. Amino acid and peptide
3. Protein
4. Structure of protein
5. Enzymes
6. Lipid
7. Carbohydrate
8. Nucleotide and nucleic acid

209 [Biochemistry Laboratory], 1 credit

1. Buffer preparation
2. Spectrophotometric determination and application
3. Analysis of amino acid and protein
4. Lipid experiments
5. Analysis of sugars
6. Electrophoresis of protein
7. Column chromatography of protein
8. Purification protein
9. Enzyme reaction and kinetics.

210 [Plant Anatomy], 2 credits (Prerequisite: general biology)

211 [Plant Anatomy Laboratory], 1 credit

1. Knowing plant parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma
2. Introduction to plant apical meristem, vessels, sieve tubes, epidermis, and secretory cells
3. Knowing roots, stems, and leaves
4. Vascular cambium and secondary growth of vascular tissues
5. introduction to plant reproductive organs

212 [Vertebrate Zoology], 3 credits

1. Introduction
2. Principles of classification
3. Fishes
4. Amphibians
5. Reptiles
6. Birds
7. Mammals 

213 [Vertebrate Zoology Laboratory], 1 credit

1. Collection and Preservation of Specimens.
2. Morphology and taxonomy.
3. Field studies.

214 [Local Flora], 3 credits

1. Natural environment of the island
2. Introductory local flora
3. How to identify plants
4. Sample preparation
5. Introduction to genera and family of major plant
6. Identification of plants

215 [Introductory Neuroscience I], 2 credits

Neuroscience I, emphasis are on the structure of neural system, including central and peripheral neural systems, sensory systems, and motor system.

216 [Introductory Neuroscience II], 2 credits

Neuro scienceII, emphasis are on the physiological function of neural system including the function of neuron, formation of neural membrane potential and transmission of action potential, neural transmitter and the operation of sensory system.

217 [Conservation Biology], 2 credits

1. Origins of conservation biology and current
2. Biodiversity and conservation theory
3. Function, interference and reversion of ecosystem
4. Threats on biodiversity resilience
5. Value and conservation of biodiversity
6. Application
7. Human society and conservation